Geographic Information System (GIS) can simply be described as a means to combine layers of information about a particular location to give you a better understanding of that location. In a technical sense, a GIS is a computerized data management system capable of assembling, storing, manipulating and displaying geographically referenced information. A GIS integrates information stored in databases with geographic features or locations, combining the geography and cartography of paper maps with the power of a database. This technology provides a way to systematically collect and manage location-based information that is crucial to local governments. GIS also allows for the creation of maps that graphically display a variety of information that relates to the City, and provides City staff with another tool to enhance City operations.
Image modified from: Geographic Information System Basics (v. 1.0)